I qualified with a 1st Class Honours Degree in Physiology in 1971 at University College London. I graduated in medicine at University College London in 1974. I did my postgraduate training in medicine at University College, The Royal Brompton Hospital and The Whittington Hospitals in London. I was a British Heart Foundation Junior Research Fellow at The Royal Brompton Hospital where my medical thesis (MD) was accepted in 1980. My specialist training in cardiology was at The London Chest Hospital as a registrar and at The Royal Free and Harefield Hospitals as a Senior Registrar.
I became a Member of the Royal College of Physicians in 1977 and a Fellow in 1994. I am also a Fellow of the European Society of Cardiology and The American College of Cardiology.
I was appointed a consultant cardiologist in 1987 and now work at Barnet & Chase Farm and The Royal Free Hospital NHS Trusts. I have worked at The Wellington Hospital and The Harley Street Clinic since 1988 and have private consulting rooms in North London.
I am a Cardiology advisor to The London Ambulance Service NHS Trust – advising on all aspects of pre-hospital care of patients with cardiological emergencies.
I have been President of The Section of Cardiology of The Royal Society of Medicine responsible for a programme of training for the next generation of Cardiologists.